Skin conditions such as, psoriasis, frostbite, burns, sunburn, rash, acne and warts are very uncomfortable and bothersome ailments that we want to be treated sooner rather than later.
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that causes the cells of the skin to grow at an abnormally rapid rate resulting in an uncomfortable and often embarrassing, thick, red, white or silvery coloured patches on the skin that can become inflamed, itchy and tender to the touch.
Most experts believe that psoriasis occurs as a result of the body’s immune system overreacting, which can be triggered by anything from an unrelated infection, climate conditions and even stress.
Special testing is rarely needed to diagnose psoriasis; a dermatologist or general practitioner can usually easily diagnose psoriasis by looking at the patchy areas on the skin. Psoriasis is often treated with topical medications such as corticosteroid, anthralin and/or calcipotriene; these medications can be purchased over the counter.
In more severe cases a prescription topical medication paired with occlusion therapy (which involves wrapping the skin after the topical medication has been applied), as well as prescribed pills, injections or biologics may be required.
Frostbite is a condition that refers to the freezing of body tissue. Treatments for frostbite depend on severity.
Mild frostbite cases of“frostnip” or “superficial frostbite” can usually be treated at home by keeping the affected area warm and taking over the counter ibuprofen for pain and inflammation. More serious frostbite cases on the other hand may require tetanus toxoid, antibiotics and narcotic drugs for pain relief, all of which will require the oversight of a physician.
Each and every summer millions of people will to get sunburn; in fact recent data suggests that one-third of adults and approximately 70% of children are affected by sunburn every year. Taking a cool bath, applying a cold compress to the sunburned areas, generally treats sunburn or applying gels and/or creams containing menthol, camphor, or aloe. Severe sunburns may require a prescription burn ointment or cream from a physician.
Burn injuries are extremely painful and in severe cases can be life threatening. Mild to moderate burns can often be treated at home with over the counter ibuprofen and topical burn ointments or creams, but severe burns often require medical treatment from a physician and in many cases a hospital stay to recover.
A recent survey conducted in the UK has revealed that roughly 3 out of every 10 adults have or are currently dealing with acne. Treatments for acne depends on the severity of the patient’s condition. Cleansing the area with mild soap or applying over the counter salicylic acid can treat mild acne, but moderate to severe acne often requires a dermatologist to prescribe prescription strength topical medication that is sometimes paired with oral antibiotics or retinoids.
Warts are an uncomfortable and unsightly skin growth caused by viruses from the human papilloma virus family. It is estimated that 1 in every 14 people will contract this contagious virus at least once throughout their lifetime.
Most warts disappear naturally on their own and do not require medical treatment. However if the wart does not go away after an extended period of time, or if it is causing you undue discomfort or distress you can use salicylic acid or various other over the counter wart treatments. Another option is to consult a physician about freezing the wart or removing it by way of surgery.